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20 Leptospirose Cases: Ministry Warns Mauritians to Take Precautions



20 Leptospirose Cases: Ministry Warns Mauritians to Take Precautions

The Ministry of Health and Wellness is warning the public about a recent alarming increase in cases of leptospirosis in Mauritius.

Since the beginning of the year, 20 cases have been reported, with five cases recorded in April 2024 alone. This surge in the disease calls for increased vigilance from the population.

Leptospirosis, a potentially serious bacterial disease, is transmitted by rodents, especially rats.

The bacteria responsible for the disease are excreted in the urine of rodents and can contaminate water and soil.

Humans can contract the disease through contact with water or mud contaminated with infected urine, particularly through cuts or scrapes on the skin.

Symptoms of leptospirosis can vary, ranging from high fevers accompanied by chills, to headaches, muscle and joint pain, as well as gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea and vomiting.

In severe cases, the disease can lead to kidney, liver, or lung complications.

In humans, the disease is often mild but can lead to kidney failure and even death in 5 to 20% of cases.

Preventive measures:

To reduce the risk of contracting leptospirosis, the Ministry of Health and Wellness recommends a series of preventive measures.

In addition to maintaining a clean environment and eliminating potential sources of rodent contamination, it is crucial to strictly adhere to personal hygiene rules.

This includes frequent handwashing with soap and clean water, especially after handling animals or waste.

Additionally, using personal protective equipment such as gloves and boots is recommended during any activity that exposes individuals to a risk of exposure to contaminated urine.

In case of leptospirosis symptoms, it is imperative to immediately consult a healthcare professional for appropriate treatment.

The population is urged to remain vigilant and take necessary measures to protect themselves and their loved ones against this growing threat to public health.

Source: Le Mauricien

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